Modern social values for women had a brief, uneven life in the Middle East, and are now in meltdown as Islamist parliaments take power.
Countries that have revolted against dictatorships (with a modicum of modern law) are now seeing the results of their “democratic” elections. When largely ignorant populations vote, they vote for what they know: in this case, Islam. Traditional Islam would not be the problem, but its radical versions are. The first issue to come under Islamists is the status of women. With the revival of cutting off hands of thieves and stoning adulteresses (already happening in rural areas), we see that the Muslim world’s brief experiment in modernization has failed.
• Iran. When the Ayatollah Khomeini brought the Islamic Revolution to Iran in 1979, one of the first things he did was to lower the marriage age of girls to 9 from the Shah’s minimum of 18. Khomeini had married his wife when she was 12, following the lead of the Prophet Mohammad, who married a 9-year-old. This was the standard that he wanted for Iran. The reason for child marriages is to make certain your daughters do not see their first menstruation under your roof (at which point they might have intercourse and pregnancy to humiliate the family).
• Morocco. Morocco, an absolute monarchy not known for its human rights or modernization impulses, has recently elected a majority Islamist parliament. They lowered the marriage age for girls, to the despair of the thin elite of educated Moroccans women.
• Egypt. Egypt, once the hope for advancing the Arab world into modernity, has a parliament wanting to lower the age for marriage back to medieval standards. Educated Egyptian women are outraged over lowering the marriage age, which will cut off women from education and meaningful work. They remind their elected officials that they represent half the population. Unfortunately, the majority of Egyptian women are not aligned with the educated ones fighting for their rights, nor do men want this.
• Turkey. In a women’s shelter in Turkey (a novelty in the Muslim world), a woman who has been on the run for 15 years from a violent husband, has found no protection from Turkish police, who urge her to return to her husband. Police also suggested to her husband that he break her legs so that she can no longer run away. “Our state is the No. 1 enemy of women,” she said. “I was 14 when my husband started to abuse me, and now am 37, and I am still living in fear for my life despite all my cries for help.” (New York Times, April 26, 2012).
Women’s rights groups say that violence against women has reached alarming proportions in Turkey, with women’s rights undermined by the Islamist-inspired government. How the Economist can call the Erdogan government “mildly Islamist” is increasingly ridiculous. One women’s group has sarcastically suggested that the state should protect women by arming them and providing state-financed shooting lessons. Not a bad idea.
For those who think that Turkish abuse against women is an over-blown issue, in 2011 alone, 160 women were murdered by family members, lovers or spouses, a 200-percent increase from 2010. A total of 179 women are known to have been raped and another 70 allegedly committed suicide, although three of those “suicides” were were really murders. In a country of 79 million people, there are only 63 women’s shelters. The Islamist party does not like such shelters because “they enable women to leave the family home.” Home sweet home.
• Pakistan. When an American CIA agent killed two Pakistanis on motorcycles who were targeting his car, somebody (State Department?) funneled several million dollars “blood money” to both widows. One of the widows wanted to remarry, and her mother backed her. Her father was outraged at the loss of money (for him) that this would mean. He shot his wife and then his daughter. Pakistan is not a good place for women.
• U.S. We have homegrown cavemen too, who would like chastity belts brought back. But we laugh and don’t vote for them.
Dr. Laina Farhat-Holzman is a historian, lecturer, and author of Worldchangers: Ten Inventions that Changed Everything. You may contact her at Lfarhat102@aol.com or www.globalthink.net.